Power MOSFET Basics

Power MOSFETs are the most commonly used power devices due to their low gate drive power, fast switching speed and superior paralleling capability. Most power MOSFETs feature a vertical structure with Source and Drain on opposite sides of the wafer in order to support higher current and voltage. Trench MOSFETs are mainly used for <200V voltage rating due to their higher channel density and thus lower on-resistance. Planar MOSFETs are good for higher voltage ratings since on-resistance is dominated by epi-layer resistance and high cell density is not beneficial. The basic MOSFET operation is the same for both structures. Unless specified, the N-channel trench MOSFET is discussed in this application note.
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